Naples

   Italian city on the Bay of Naples, near Pompeii. It was captured by Belisarios (q.v.) from the Ostrogoths (q.v.) in 536, only to surrender to Ostrogoths under Totila (qq.v.) in 543. In 552 it returned to Byzantine hands, and thereafter the city maintained its independence from the Lombards (q.v.). When Constans II (q.v.) visited the city in 663 the city still owed its allegiance to Byzantium (q.v.), an allegiance it nominally maintained until 838, when Naples joined forces with the Arabs (q.v.), resulting in the conquest of Messina (q.v.) in 843. Naples became an active threat to Byzantium after 1139, the year it fell to the Normans (q.v.), and even more of a threat in 1194 when German emperor Henry VI (q.v.) acquired Naples and Sicily (q.v.). That threat continued with Manfred and Charles of Anjou (qq.v.), who lost Sicily (1282), but retained the Kingdom of Naples. Much later, Alfonso V (q.v.) reunited Sicily and Naples (1443), but his scheme to conquer the Ottomans (q.v.) and reestablish the Latin Empire of Constantinople (qq.v.) never materialized.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Naples — • The capital of a province in Campania, southern Italy, and formerly capital of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Naples     Naples      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • NAPLES — NAPLES, city and former kingdom in Campania, S. Italy. The first Jewish settlement there probably dates to the beginning of the first century C.E., if not before. Josephus (Antiquities, XVII, 23–25, and Wars, II, 101–05) reports that during… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Naples — Naples, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 500 Land area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Naples — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Naples (Florida) Naples (Idaho) Naples (Illinois) Naples (Maine) Naples (New York) Naples (South Dakota) Naples (Texas) Naples (Utah) Naples (Wisconsin) Naples ist auch die englischsprachige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naples — es el nombre en inglés de la ciudad de Nápoles y puede referirse a: Naples, ciudad en el condado de Collier, estado estadounidense de Florida. Naples, pueblo en el condado de Ontario, estado estadounidense de Nueva York. Naples, villa en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Naples — (en ital. Napoli) v. d Italie (Campanie), au fond du golfe de Naples, sur la mer Tyrrhénienne; 1 207 750 hab.; cap. de la Campanie et ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom. Port de voyageurs et de comm. (pétrole surtout). Grand centre industr. du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Naples — [nā′pəlz] 1. seaport in S Italy, on the Bay of Naples: pop. 1,072,000 Naples 2. kingdom occupying the S half of Italy Naples 3. Bay of inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the S coast of Italy: c. 10 mi (16 km) wide …   English World dictionary

  • Naples, FL — U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 20976 Housing Units (2000): 16956 Land area (2000): 12.025201 sq. miles (31.145127 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.378841 sq. miles (6.161169 sq. km) Total area (2000): 14.404042 sq. miles (37.306296 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Naples, IL — U.S. town in Illinois Population (2000): 134 Housing Units (2000): 73 Land area (2000): 0.604824 sq. miles (1.566487 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.604824 sq. miles (1.566487 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Naples, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 500 Land area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Naples, SD — U.S. town in South Dakota Population (2000): 25 Housing Units (2000): 14 Land area (2000): 0.137297 sq. miles (0.355597 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.137297 sq. miles (0.355597 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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